Top climate change warnings : 11 reasons why we must act now

From wildlife to endangered species, from land to water efficiency, the list is endless when it comes to the current state of our climate.

It requires immediate action to prevent the worst case scenarios especially the effect it will have on people and wildlife worldwide. The World Wildlife Fund WWF states we’ve seen that the planet has warmed by an average of nearly 1°C in the past 100 years.

If we want to prevent climate change, the global agreement stating temperature rises should be kept below 2°C from the pre-industrial era, with an ambition to keep it below 1.5°C.However, experts suggest that we are on course for temperature rises of up to 4°C or higher.

The shocking new UN report emphasises the amount of danger our planet is in due to the decline of the environment’s natural life. Here we look at the top key warnings of climate change from the report.

 

1. Emissions

The UN climate change summit 2019 gives us 12 years to cut emissions by 50% to avoid catastrophe.

 

We must act now to reduce emissions by 50%- Pixabay
People must act now to reduce emissions by 50%- Pixabay

Both the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report and the UN report warns us this is a matter of emergency. The reports state that we must act now to cut emissions in half and limit global warming to 1.5° in the next 12 years, or we will face the catastrophic impacts of climate change.

2. Population

In the last 50 years, the human population has doubled, the global economy has grown nearly 4-fold and global trade has grown 10-fold, together driving up the demands for energy and materials.

 

The economic incentives in the past generally favour boosting the economy which often involves environmental harm over conservation or restoration. We are therefore enabling the destruction of our own future planet.

 

3.  Biodiversity

Biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, are declining worldwide due to contributions from both nature and its inhabitants.

 

The habits and demand for more food and energy is harming our environment- Pixabay
The habits and demand for more food and energy is harming our environment- Pixabay

Biodiversity supports life on our planet, and refers to the variety found in biota from genetic make up of plants an animals to cultural diversity. The loss of biodiversity means that we are losing a lot of nature’s chemicals and genes faster than we discover them.

4. Extinction

Human actions threaten more species with global extinction now than ever before.

Our demand for more food and energy is speeding up the process. Thankfully, the report claims we can rectify this but our habits would need “transformative change”.

5. Animals

200-2000 species go extinct every day, 1000 times the natural rate.

Jaguars are the top predators in their environment- Pixabay
Jaguars are the top predators in their environment- Pixabay

This means that the rate of extinction is 1,000 times faster than humans. Biologists claim that this rate is greater than anything we have experienced since the extinction of dinosaurs nearly 65 million years ago.

6. Fish

There will be no more fish left in our oceans by 2048 due to the current rate of pollution and over-fishing.

If we continue to fish the way we do, experts say the decline will be down on average more than 90 per cent since 1950.

7. Waste

A rubbish truck of plastic is dumped into the ocean every single minute.

At the moment, about 8 million tons of plastic is dumped in our oceans every year which is the equivalent of one truck per minute. If we do not take action now by 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the ocean.

8. Action

We’re probably the first generation to know what we’re doing and sadly, the last generation that will be able to stop it.

 

Although this may seem like a lot of pressure for us millennial’s, the current state of emergency should motivate us all to change our habits before its too late.

9. Crops

Rising sea levels and crop failure mean that by 2050, 10% of the world’s population will be climate refugees.

If we do not control the climate approximately 150 million climate refugees will have to migrate by 2050.

10. Business

One hundred companies are responsible for 71% of the greenhouse gas emissions on our planet.

The report scrutinises the fact that a small group of companies that produce fossil fuels and greenhouse gas is large enough to contribute significantly to climate change.

11. Working together

It’s a matter of URGENCY we need unprecedented global action like never before.

If we all work together and change our habits to become more sustainable we can save our planet.

 

Find out how you can become more eco-friendly.

9 Eco-Friendly changes you should make in 2019